The big question is why there is a sudden population growth trend, especially in third world countries. What exactly stimulates this rapid growth, even during these difficult economic times? One population aspect that features prominently in studies, reports and research is fertility and family planning (McFalls, 2007). Recent global population trends indicate that the two seem to have a very concrete relationship.

Simply put high fertility rates without proper family planning leads to an uncontrolled increase in population. This is the case in most African countries which coincidentally, are worst affected by famine, drought and inadequate food supplies. In 2011, the CIA ranked Niger as the leader in fertility rates with 7.6 percent. Uganda and Mali followed closely with 6.69 and 6.44 percent respectively. Cases of high fertility rates are not unique to Africa alone.

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