The lesson plan incorporated understanding by design’s six facets of understanding. At the same time it utilized the back ward design which has three stages; these are the identification of desired outcomes, determination of acceptable competence and instructional strategies and experiences. The backward understanding principle in this lesson plan is utilized by asking the students questions at the beginning of the lesson to determine prior knowledge. This activity will reveal to the teacher any previous writing knowledge and skills that the students may posses, on the other hand it will reveal any problems and difficulties.
Once the teacher is equipped with this prior knowledge, they will be able to teach the lesson based on this, while emphasizing on the students’ weak area. They will therefore be able to concentrate less on the known and focus more on the unknown. In the long run they will save a lot of energy and time explaining the known and give more time on the unknown.