The traditional procurement process has been blamed for the frequency and lengthy delays of national projects. It comprises of several stages before the actual commencement of the project. Stages which have been termed as unnecessary, the separate tendering of the designing, actual construction, supervising and maintenance of the completed project, should be consolidated and offered to one party; a party who can undertake the entire project in a timely and fashionable manner. The involvement of different parties has been seen as the genesis of differences and several disputes which add to the numerous delays across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Al-Ghafly, 1995).
The main features of the traditional route are that the design is completed well before the contractor is appointed. This action bars the contractor from including his design expertise. The traditional route has reliance on a system of competitive tendering to appoint a contractor. Practice has indicated that the lowest bidder is the one who wins the tender. The client, in the traditional procurement route, is the one who controls the design. This is done through its consultants; the client retains all the design risk (Al-Ghafly, 1995).The traditional route provides an avenue for a reasonable cost certainty. In addition, a contract administrator is in charge of the contract.