Infant mortality is a prominent issue and the difference is race and communities have differing effects on the mortality of the children at and before birth.
A research undertaken by Hogue & Hargraves (1993) provides that the infant mortality amongst the black population in the United States is almost twice as high as that for the Whites in the region. Similarly a research conducted by Rawlings et al. (1995), depicted that when the period between pregnancies for black women is less than nine months, in these circumstances, their infant mortality tends to rise much higher than that of white females under the same circumstances. However when in comes to infant mortality where mothers are young, the black young mothers bet the age of 20 and 30 are more likely to have healthier babies with lower risk of infant mortality as compared to white females of the same age (Geronimus, 1992).